Research Article| Volume 14, ISSUE 4, P503-508, July 1996

A novel curriculum for teaching research methodology

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.


      We sought to develop a unique educational course for emergency medicine residents that provides the essential knowledge, the practical skills, and the motivation to complete a research project during the residency. A 5-day mandatory course was designed for first-year emergency medicine residents. Unique features of the curriculum include 1) didactic lectures paired with workshops teaching practical skills and 2) the use of a hypothetical research question (“mock project”) that is utilized for practical experience at each step and results in an oral presentation of the completed research project. The course was evaluated with pre- and post-tests of general research knowledge, quality of the final presentations, and a post-course questionnaire. Following completion of the course, the 16 emergency medicine resident participants showed significant improvement in research knowledge, as evidenced by higher median post-test scores and an absolute increase in the pass rate of 50%. Residents' final course presentations were given ratings of “above average” to “superior” by all observing faculty members. Finally, 87.5% of the residents felt that developing a mock project during the course (“handson” experience) increased their confidence and interest in conducting future academic research. Thus, an introductory course in research methodology that utilizes didactic lectures paired with appropriate practical workshops and incorporates completion of a mock research project may provide an effective method for teaching emergency medicine residents to conduct research.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of Emergency Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Jones J
        • Dougherty J
        • Cannon L
        • Schelble D
        Teaching research in the emergency medicine residency curriculum.
        Ann Emerg Med. 1987; 16: 347-353
        • Gold I
        • Podolsky S
        • Kuhn M
        • Baraff LJ
        A review of research methodology in an emergency medicine journal.
        Ann Emerg Med. 1983; 12: 769-773
        • Josiah Jr, Macy
        Foundation. The role of emergency medicine in the future of American medical care.
        Ann Emerg Med. 1995; 25: 230-233
        • Hershberg RI
        • Harper D
        • Leichner P
        Research in psychiatry: residents' attitudes and use.
        J Med Educ. 1980; 55: 540-541
        • Strauss GD
        • Yager J
        • Offer D
        Research training in psychiatry: a survey of current practices.
        Am J Psychiatry. 1980; 137: 727-729
        • Konen JC
        • Fromm BS
        A family practice residency curriculum in critical appraisal of the medical literature.
        Fam Med. 1990; 22: 284-287
        • American Academy of Family Physicians
        AAFP core educational guidelines: recommended core educational guidelines for family practice residents: research and scholarly activity.
        AFP. 1992; 46: 1564-1566
        • Cooke TDV
        Research education in residency programs.
        Clin Invest Med. 1992; 15: 222-223
        • Cusimano MD
        • Christensen C
        • Tucker WS
        An inquiry into the education of the surgical clinical investigator.
        Acad Med. 1991; 66 (suppl): S52-S54
        • Winter RJ
        Research during residency (letter to ed).
        AJDC. 1989; 143: 521
        • Hayward RA
        • Taweel F
        Data and the internal medicine houseofficer: alumni's views of the educational value of a residency program's research requirement (editorial).
        J Gen Intern Med. 1993; 8: 140-142
        • Heggers JP
        • Mickel HS
        • Olson JE
        • Spivey WH
        Is emergency medicine research viable?.
        Ann Emerg Med. 1990; 19: 1338
        • Cline D
        • Henneman P
        • Van Ligten P
        • Spivey W
        • Olson J
        • Levitt A
        • Dire D
        • Zink B
        • Lowe R
        • Seaberg D
        • Manning J
        • Martin G
        • Mickel H
        • Biros M
        • Yealy D
        A model research curriculum for emergency medicine.
        Ann Emerg Med. 1992; 21: 184-192
        • American College of Emergency Physicians
        • American Board of Emergency Medicine
        • Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
        Core content for emergency medicine.
        Ann Emerg Med. 1991; 20: 920-934
        • Philpott GW
        Research at the resident level: how much and what type?.
        Curr Surg. 1984; 41: 433-435
        • Markert RJ
        A research methods and statistics journal club for residents.
        Acad Med. 1989; 64: 223-224
        • Brautigan MW
        A systematic approach to research curricula for emergency medicine residencies.
        J Emerg Med. 1984; 1: 459-464
        • Hillman BJ
        • Maynard CD
        • Stanley RJ
        • Witzke DB
        • Fulginiti JV
        The RSNA-AUR-ARRS Introduction to Research program: the development, first year's experience, and promise of a program to encourage radiology research careers.
        Invest Radiol. 1992; 27: 192-197
        • Ben-Tovim DI
        • Battersby MW
        • Allan JA
        • Papay PS
        A group method for learning about psychiatric research.
        Aust NZ J Psychiat. 1987; 21: 392-395
        • Rydman RJ
        • Zalenski RJ
        • Fagan JK
        An evaluation of research training in a large residency program.
        Acad Emerg Med. 1994; 1: 448-453