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“Stayin' Alive”: A Novel Mental Metronome to Maintain Compression Rates in Simulated Cardiac Arrests

  • John W. Hafner
    Correspondence
    Reprint Address: John W. Hafner, md, mph, facep, Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, IL 61637
    Affiliations
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois
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  • Jeremy L. Sturgell
    Affiliations
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois
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  • David L. Matlock
    Affiliations
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois
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  • Elizabeth G. Bockewitz
    Affiliations
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois
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  • Lisa T. Barker
    Affiliations
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, Illinois
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      Abstract

      Background

      A novel and yet untested memory aid has anecdotally been proposed for aiding practitioners in complying with American Heart Association (AHA) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) compression rate guidelines (at least 100 compressions per minute).

      Objectives

      This study investigates how subjects using this memory aid adhered to current CPR guidelines in the short and long term.

      Methods

      A prospective observational study was conducted with medical providers certified in 2005 AHA guideline CPR. Subjects were randomly paired and alternated administering CPR compressions on a mannequin during a standardized cardiac arrest scenario. While performing compressions, subjects listened to a digital recording of the Bee Gees song “Stayin' Alive,” and were asked to time compressions to the musical beat. After at least 5 weeks, the participants were retested without directly listening to the recorded music. Attitudinal views were gathered using a post-session questionnaire.

      Results

      Fifteen subjects (mean age 29.3 years, 66.7% resident physicians and 80% male) were enrolled. The mean compression rate during the primary assessment (with music) was 109.1, and during the secondary assessment (without music) the rate was 113.2. Mean CPR compression rates did not vary by training level, CPR experience, or time to secondary assessment. Subjects felt that utilizing the music improved their ability to provide CPR and they felt more confident in performing CPR.

      Conclusions

      Medical providers trained to use a novel musical memory aid effectively maintained AHA guideline CPR compression rates initially and in long-term follow-up. Subjects felt that the aid improved their technical abilities and confidence in providing CPR.

      Keywords

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