At the present time there is no parameter that can estimate the quality of cerebral perfusion and possible success of cerebral resuscitation during advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) efforts. In recent years, various attempts have been made to use electroencephalography (EEG)-based cerebral neuromonitoring to assess the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
The Cerebral State Monitor M3 (Danmeter A/S, Odense, Denmark) is a portable, single-channel EEG monitor that provides the user with different EEG-based parameters and the raw waveform EEG to measure cerebral activity.
We report two cases of out-of-hospital CPR with single-channel EEG monitoring conducted parallel to ACLS with external chest compressions. We demonstrate an artifact in waveform EEG recordings that is caused by the external chest compressions, and that leads to a miscalculation of the Burst Suppression Ratio and Cerebral State Index.
These cases suggest that digitally processed EEG-monitoring is not a useful tool during CPR.
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Published online: September 10, 2010
Accepted: May 30, 2010
Received in revised form: April 14, 2010
Received: January 31, 2010
© 2012 Elsevier Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.