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Emergency Department Management of Shoulder Dystocia

Published:December 20, 2013DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.08.110

      Abstract

      Background

      Precipitous obstetric deliveries can occur outside of the labor and delivery suite, often in the emergency department (ED). Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency with significant risk of adverse outcome.

      Objective

      To review multiple techniques for managing a shoulder dystocia in the ED.

      Discussion

      We review various techniques and approaches for achieving delivery in the setting of shoulder dystocia. These include common maneuvers, controversial interventions, and interventions of last resort.

      Conclusions

      Emergency physicians should be familiar with multiple techniques for managing a shoulder dystocia to reduce the chances of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality.

      Keywords

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