Ultrasound in Emergency Medicine| Volume 58, ISSUE 4, P632-635, April 2020

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Use of Ocular Point-of-Care Ultrasound in a Difficult Pediatric Examination: A Case Report of an Emergency Department Diagnosis of Retinoblastoma



      Eye examination in distressed young children can be challenging in a busy emergency department. A full, detailed evaluation is, however, often needed in ocular emergencies.

      Case Report

      A 2-year-old boy presented to our pediatric emergency department with refusal to open his left eye for 1 day. Eye examination was difficult and yielded limited findings, despite analgesia and parental facilitation. Under such circumstances, this might require sedation or forcibly everting the child's eyelids for the eye evaluation. A rapid ocular point-of-care ultrasound was performed, which revealed sonographic findings suggestive of a retinoblastoma in the left eye.

      Why Should an Emergency Physician Be Aware of This?

      The use of ocular point-of-care ultrasound facilitated the diagnosis of retinoblastoma in a child who was highly distressed and difficult to examine. Its use under such circumstances facilitated the patient's prompt evaluation and subsequent management.


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