Advertisement

The Natural History of a Pygmy Rattlesnake Bite

      Although snake bites are fairly common in the United States, with more than 60,000 occurring each year, venomous snake bites are comparatively rare, with only approximately 7000 per year (
      • Langley RL
      • Morrow WE.
      Deaths resulting from animal attacks in the United States.
      ,
      • Chippaux JP.
      Incidence and mortality due to snakebite in the Americas.
      ). Sistrurus miliarius, or the pygmy rattlesnake, is a venomous snake endemic to the southeastern United States (
      • Gold BS
      • Barish RA
      • Dart RC.
      North American snake envenomation: diagnosis, treatment, and management.
      ,
      • Patel V
      • Kong EL
      • RJ Hamilton.
      Rattle snake toxicity.
      ). A majority of pygmy rattlesnake bites are dry and do not require antivenom (
      • Gold BS
      • Barish RA
      • Dart RC.
      North American snake envenomation: diagnosis, treatment, and management.
      ). This article documents the progression of a pygmy rattlesnake bite of the finger with envenomation, which was not treated with antivenom.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      References

        • Langley RL
        • Morrow WE.
        Deaths resulting from animal attacks in the United States.
        Wilderness Environ Med. 1997; 8: 8-16
        • Chippaux JP.
        Incidence and mortality due to snakebite in the Americas.
        PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017; 11 (e0005662)
        • Gold BS
        • Barish RA
        • Dart RC.
        North American snake envenomation: diagnosis, treatment, and management.
        Emerg Med Clin N Am. 2004; 22: 423-443
        • Patel V
        • Kong EL
        • RJ Hamilton.
        Rattle snake toxicity.
        StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing, Treasure Island, FL2021
        • Lazarovici P
        • Marcinkiewicz C
        • Lelkes PI.
        From snake venom's disintegrins and C-type lectins to anti-platelet drugs.
        Toxins. 2019; 11: 303
        • Chen C-M
        • Wu K-G
        • Chen C-J
        • Wang C-M.
        Bacterial infection in association with snakebite: a 10-year experience in a northern Taiwan medical center.
        J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2011; 44: 456-460
        • Abrahamian FM
        • Goldstein EJC.
        Microbiology of animal bite wound infections.
        Clin Microbiol Rev. 2011; 24: 231-246
        • Garg A
        • Sujatha S
        • Jaya G
        • Acharya NS
        Subhash Chandra P. Wound infections secondary to snakebite.
        J Infect Dev Ctries. 2009; 3: 221-223