- •Why is this topic important? There is a need to increase HIV testing in US EDs. Recent state and national initiatives aimed at ending the HIV epidemic in California include a geographic component and target “priority” counties hardest hit by HIV.
- •What does this study attempt to show? There are a subset of EDs in California that might be the most efficient, high-yield, targets toward which to direct future HIV testing efforts.
- •What are the key findings? A subset of EDs in California priority counties with teaching hospital affiliations are major sources of healthcare in the state. Compared to other EDs groups, these may be more capable of supporting HIV testing services.
- •How is patient care impacted? Increasing rates of HIV testing in EDs could be the most efficient way to reduce the burden of undiagnosed infections in California. Increasing the rate at which persons living with HIV are diagnosed in California could more quickly link patients to care, improve HIV/AIDS-related outcomes, and help end the ongoing epidemic.
Abbreviations:CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), ED (emergency department), EP (emergency physicians), HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology), US (United States))
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