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COMPARISON OF INTUBATION CONDITIONS BETWEEN AIRTRAQ, MCGRATH VIDEO LARYNGOSCOPES, AND MACINTOSH UNDER CONDITIONS OF SIMULATED TRAUMA AIRWAY AND RAPID SEQUENCE INDUCTION INTUBATION

Published:December 21, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2022.12.014

      Abstract

      Background

      Patients arriving at the emergency department with a potential cervical spine injury and immobilized in a rigid cervical collar often require emergency airway management and rapid sequence induction intubation (RSII). There have been several advances in airway management with the advent of channeled (Airtraq; Prodol Meditec) and nonchanneled (McGrath; Meditronics) video laryngoscopes, which enable intubation without the removal of the cervical collar, but their efficacy and superiority over conventional laryngoscopy (Macintosh) in the presence of a rigid cervical collar and cricoid pressure have not been evaluated.

      Objective

      Our aim was to compare the channeled (Airtraq [group A]) and nonchanneled (McGrath [Group M]) video laryngoscopes with a conventional laryngoscope (Macintosh [Group C]) in a simulated trauma airway.

      Methods

      A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in a tertiary care center. Participants were 300 patients requiring general anesthesia (American Society of Anesthesiologists class I or II), of both sexes, and aged 18–60 years. Airway management was simulated without removal of a rigid cervical collar and using cricoid pressure during intubation. After RSI, patients were intubated with one of the study techniques according to randomization. Intubation time and Intubation Difficulty Scale (IDS) score were noted.

      Results

      Mean intubation time was 42.2 s in group C, 35.7 s in group M, and 21.8 s in group A (p = 0.001). Intubation was easy in group M and group A (median IDS score of 0; interquartile range [IQR] 0–1 for group M and median IDS score of 1; IQR 0–2 for group A and group C; p < 0.001). A higher proportion (95.1%) of patients had an IDS score of < 1 in group A.

      Conclusions

      The performance of RSII with cricoid pressure in the presence of a cervical collar was easier and more rapid with channeled video laryngoscope than with other techniques.

      Keywords

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