International Emergency Medicine| Volume 64, ISSUE 3, P371-379, March 2023

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Choosing Wisely® in Japanese Emergency Medicine: Nine Recommendations to Improve The Value of Health Care



      The overuse of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities has become an issue in the field of emergency medicine. The health care system of Japan aims to provide the most appropriate quality and quantity of care at the right price, while focusing on patient value. The Choosing Wisely® campaign was launched in Japan and other countries.


      In this article, recommendations were discussed to improve the field of emergency medicine based on the state of the Japanese health care system.


      The modified Delphi method, a consensus-building method, was used in this study. The final recommendations were developed by a working group of 20 medical professionals, students, and patients, consisting of members of the emergency physician electronic mailing list.


      From the 80 candidates recommended and excessive actions gathered, nine recommendations were formulated after two Delphi rounds. The recommendations included the suppression of excessive behavior and the implementation of appropriate medical treatment, like rapid pain relief and the application of ultrasonography during central venous catheter placement.


      This study formulated recommendations to improve the field of Japanese emergency medicine, based on the feedback of patients and health care professionals. The nine recommendations will be helpful for all people involved in emergency care in Japan because they have the potential to prevent the overuse of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, while maintaining the appropriate quality of patient care.


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